Dates of birth of famous people, other important dates of Lithuania history


2 d. February 2-22, 1949 A congress of Lithuanian partisan commanders took place near Radviliškis. The congress established a joint political and military leadership - the Council of the Lithuanian Freedom Fighting Movement (chairman and interim commander of the Armed Forces J.Žemaitis), adopted a declaration of the Lithuanian Freedom Fighting Movement Council declaring that the legitimate supreme authority in Lithuania is partisan leadership, restoration of an independent, democratic and parliamentary Republic of Lithuania.

2 d. 1536 Petras Skarga was born. Catholic theologian of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Jesus. 1579–1582 Rector of Vilnius University (first)

2 d. 1838 Konstantinas Kalinauskas was born. 1863–1864 one of the leaders of the uprising in Lithuania and Belarus.

2 d. 1852 Gabrielius Landsbergis-Žemkalnis was born. One of the pioneers of Lithuanian dramaturgy, writer, theater actor. He was an active theater theoretician, critic, actor and director. The most important work is the drama "Blinda, svieto lygintojas", which was created on the basis of material collected by Lazdynu Pelėda.

2 d. 1896 Balys Sruoga was born. Lithuanian poet, prose writer, playwright, theatrologist, researcher of literature and folklore. The most famous work is „Dievų miškas“ (The Forest of the God)s (1945). 

4 d. 1515 Mikalojus Radvila Juodasis (Black) was born. State and military figure of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (GDL), the most famous figure of the Reformed GDL. One of the most powerful, influential and richest of the 16th century. the nobility of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the defender of its state independence.

4 d. 1746 Tadas Andrius Bonaventūra Kosciuszko was born. Political and military figure in Poland and Lithuania. One in 1794. the organizer of the uprising, his commander-in-chief.

4 d. 1926 Konstantinas Bogdanas was born. One of the most famous sculptors. His most significant works are the monument to Kristijonas Donelaitis in Vilnius, Juozas Gruodis in Kaunas, the monument to the partisans and deportees who died for Lithuanian freedom in Žeimiai. He also created a monument to pop music composer Frank Zappa in Vilnius.

4 d. 1943 Sigitas Geda was born. One of the most famous Lithuanian poets. Laureate of Lithuanian National (1994), Jotvingiai (1994) and other awards.

5 d. 1864 Zemach Shabad was born. Vilnius doctor, public figure. During World War I, he and others helped eradicate the cholera epidemic in Švenčionys. He was a very popular doctor, treating children and the poor for free. The Russian writer K. Chukovsky chose him as the prototype of the main character of the fairy tale "Doctor Aiskauda".

5 d. 1884 Mečislovas Reinys was born. Catholic clergyman, archbishop, philosopher, participant in anti-Soviet resistance, declared a martyr. 1944 The Soviets tried to force M. Reinis to sign an appeal to Lithuanian partisans on behalf of the Church's superiors, calling for their legalization, but the archbishop refused. 1947 in written protest to the Soviet authorities against the restriction of the rights of the Church and the faithful, was arrested in the same year. 1953 died in Vladimir prison.

8-10 d. 1919 February 8-10 the battles of Kėdainiai took place. One of the first battles of the Lithuanian army with the Soviet Russian army that invaded Lithuania during the War of Independence. Its management planned to encircle and occupy Kaunas from the south (via Alytus) and the north (via Kėdainiai). An enemy group (900–1000 soldiers with machine guns, artillery) occupied Šeta in January 1919, approaching Kėdainiai, which was defended by about 200 volunteers. A company of Saxon volunteers with machine guns and artillery came from Kaunas to help the Lithuanians. When on February 9. The Lithuanian army dealt a severe blow to the Soviet Russian army and retreated to Šeta. February 10 about 80 Lithuanian volunteers and 20 German infantry with 3 machine guns and 2 artillery cannons attacked Šeta. Unable to withstand Lithuanian and German pressure, enemy units retreated to Bukonis. During the battles of Kėdainiai, the Soviet Russian army lost many soldiers, Lithuanians lost their spoils of war: dozens of rifles, many rounds of ammunition, grenades and ammunition. 40 Lithuanian soldiers were killed in the fighting. The initiative was taken over by the Lithuanian Armed Forces in this section of the front. February 9 Povilas Lukšys, the first volunteer of the Lithuanian Armed Forces who died on the front.

9 d. 1928 Antanas Terleckas was born. One of the most famous figures of Lithuanian anti-Soviet resistance. 1976-1977 together with others published the publication Laisvės shauklys, since 1979. - "Vytis". in 1978 founded the Lithuanian Freedom League with others and became its leader. One of the organizers of the meeting at the A. Mickevičius monument in Vilnius (1987).

9 d. 1930 Vytautas Petras Bložė was born. Lithuanian poet. Laureate of the Jotvingiai Prize (1986), Poetry Spring (1997), Lithuanian National Prize (1991).

10 d. 1876 Pranas Vaičaitis was born. Lithuanian poet, translator. The pioneer of the Elegy genre (a poem characterized by lost happiness, reflection motives, a mood of mild sadness) in Lithuanian poetry.

10 d. 1906 Stasys Antanas Bačkis was born. Lithuanian diplomat. Since 1930 In the Lithuanian Diplomatic Service. 1983-1991 Head of Lithuanian Diplomacy. Awarded the orders of Gediminas 3 (1937), 2 (1994), 1 (1996).

11 d. 1905 Antanas Miškinis was born. Lithuanian poet, translator, prose writer, publicist, representative of neo-romanticism. Winner of the Poetry Spring (1981).

11 d. 1909 Anicetas Simutis was born. Lithuanian diplomat. He was in the diplomatic service the longest of all interwar Lithuanian diplomats. 1991-1994 the first ambassador of the restored Republic of Lithuania to the United Nations.

11 d. 1932 Algimantas Mackus was born. Lithuanian poet, literary critic. Since 1949 lived in the United States, belonged to the so-called landless generation.

12 d. 1870 Jonas Smilgevičius was born. Lithuanian society figure. Economist. One of the organizers of the Lithuanian Conference (1917), member of the Council of Lithuania, signatory of the February 16 Act.

12 d. 1901 Juozas Mikėnas was born. One of the most famous Lithuanian sculptors, the pioneer of modern sculpture in Lithuania.

12-15 d. 1919 February 12-15 Alytus battle. The battles of the Lithuanian army with the Red Army during the War of Independence. The leadership of the Red Army planned to surround and occupy Kaunas with an attack from the south through Alytus. The commander of the Lithuanian First Infantry Regiment Antanas Juozapavičius, having received information that about 700 Red Army soldiers were approaching the city, was preparing to defend himself together with the Germans. Red Army units in 1919 February 12 launched an attack. Lithuanians and Germans stubbornly opposed, but on February 13. left the city. On the night of February 14th. The German armored train and the Lithuanian First Infantry Regiment company attacked the Red Army and took back Alytus. The strategic plan of the Red Army leadership to occupy Kaunas by attacking from the south failed. February 13 A. Juozapavičius, the first Lithuanian officer killed during the War of Independence, died on a wooden bridge.

13 d. 1906 Adolfas Šapoka was born. Lithuanian historian, pedagogue, one of the 1936 author and editor of the work "History of Lithuania.

14 d. 1887 Stasys Šimkus was born. Composer, choir organizer and conductor, music publicist, folklorist, educator and music publicist.

14 d. 1893 Kazys Bizauskas was born. Lithuanian state figure, diplomat. 1917–1920 Secretary General of the Council of Lithuania, signatory of the Act of 16 February. 1920–1922 Representative of the Constituent Seimas, Minister of Education. 1922–1931 represented Lithuania in the Vatican, the USA, Latvia, Great Britain and the Netherlands.

14 d. 1907 Bernardas Brazdžionis was born. Lithuanian prose writer, poet, playwright, press worker, museologist, literary critic.

16 d. 1886 Albinas Rimka was born. Lithuanian economist, statistician, press, public, political figure. Pioneer of the science of statistics in Lithuania, author of the first statistics textbooks in the Lithuanian language. in 1922 one of the main creators of the land reform project. Since 2002 Lithuanian Academy of Sciences every 4 years provides the Albinos Rimkas prize for the best scientific works in the field of economics.

16 d. 1918 Act of Independence of Lithuania was signed. Act of the Council of Lithuania legally restoring the state of Lithuania. Adopted on the basis of the right of nations to self-determination, the will of the Lithuanian nation and the resolution of the Lithuanian Conference. The February 16 Act established that the state would be democratic and its capital would be Vilnius. He provided that the state system would be established by the Constituent Seimas. The February 16 Act addressed Russia and Germany, other states, informing them about the restoration of the Lithuanian state and the termination of any former state ties. February 16 The act was handed over to the representatives of the German occupation authorities in Lithuania and handed over to the German authorities. The Act was incorporated into international life in 1918. on February 20, when the German Reichstage was read. The February 16 Act was signed in Vilnius, in the so-called Stralis House (Didžioji St. 30, now Pilies Street 26, House of Signatories), to assist the victims of the war in the premises of the Lithuanian Society. The Act read by J. Basanavičius, Chairman of the meeting of the Council of Lithuania, was adopted unanimously. It was signed by: J. Basanavičius, S. Banaitis, M. Biržiška, K. Bizauskas, P. Dovydaitis, S. Kairys, P. Klimas, D. Malinauskas, V. Mironas, S. Narutavičius, A. Petrulis, KS Šaulys, J. Šaulys, J. Šernas, A. Smetona, J. Smilgevičius, Justinas Staugaitis, A. Stulginskis, J. Vailokaitis and J. Vileišis. It is known from the recollections of the signatories of the February 16 Act that two equivalent copies were signed: one of them was kept by J. Basanavičius, the second was used in making his facsimiles February 16 was the tenth anniversary of the February 16 Act, i. p. 1933 publishing the history of Lithuania edited by A. Šapoka. Until the beginning of the occupation of the USSR in 1940. June 15 it was kept in the archives of the Office of the President of the Republic of Lithuania; the fate of the copies of these Acts is unknown.

19 d. 1807 Napoleonas Orda was born. Lithuanian and Polish artist, musician and writer. While traveling around Europe, he created very accurate, romanticized drawings of landscapes and architectural monuments of various countries, including many images of Vilnius and Lithuania.

19 d. 1881 Konradas Juozas Aleksa was born. Veterinarian, sociologist and public figure. He was one of the founders of the Veterinary Academy and the founder of the Lithuanian Veterinary Association, secretly teaching students a prohibited genetics course. Genetics, private property, recognition of the work of Western scientists have been criticized and persecuted by the Soviet authorities. He was the first in Lithuania to study the skeletons of horses dug in cemeteries, to determine their age, sex and height.

20 d. 1877 Antanas Vivulskis was born. Lithuanian architect, sculptor. Created the monument of the Three Crosses in Vilnius (1916, demolished in 1950, rebuilt in 1989, architect H. K. Šilgalis), T.Kosciuška memorial plaque in Vilnius St. In the Church of St. John (1917). Designed the Šiluva Chapel (1903), the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in Vilnius (1913–1915).

20 d. 1916 Julius Juzeliūnas was born. Lithuanian composer, music theorist, pedagogue, public figure

21 d. 1871 Jonas Garalevičius was born. Master of musical instruments and designer of gliders. 1911 In his workshop in Kaunas, he designed and manufactured the first gliders in Lithuania. In Lithuania and abroad, he repaired, restored or rebuilt about 100 organs, built new organs, including the Seinai Cathedral and the Šiluva Church.

21 d. 1882 Mykolas Sleževičius was born. Lithuanian state, political and public figure. Lawyer. Member of the Constituent and other Seimas 1918–1919 and 1926. Prime Minister of Lithuania; organized the defense of Lithuania against the intervention of the Soviet Russian and Polish armies, contributed to the consolidation of Lithuanian statehood.

21 d. 1939 Nijolė Ambrazaitytė was born. Opera singer, signatory of the March 11 Act.

21 d. 1947 Petras Dirgėla was born. Lithuanian writer, author of historical novels. Laureate of Simonas Daukantas (1989), Lithuanian Writers' Union (2002), Lithuanian National (2003) Awards.

22 d. 1800 Kanutas Ruseckas was born. Lithuanian painter. He created many landscapes, and a series of household paintings depicting Lithuanian peasants was very successful ("Pjovėja"〈The Reaper Girl) in 1844, "Lietuvaitė su verbomis" 〈Lithuanian Girl with Palm Sunday Fronds) in 1847).

22 d. 1953 Romas Kalanta was born. Participant in the Lithuanian resistance to the Soviet occupation regime. Protesting against the occupation of the USSR, he burned down in Kaunas on May 14, 1972.

23 d. 1891 Petras Klimas was born. Lithuanian state and public figure, diplomat, publicist. Member of the Council of Lithuania, Secretary; February 16 Signatory of the Act. 1923–1940 represented Lithuania in Italy, France, Belgium, Spain, Portugal and Luxembourg.

24 d. 1990 Sąjūdis won the elections to the Supreme Council of Lithuania (71.7% of voters participated) on March 4-10. after a second ballot (66.4% of the electorate), 133 deputies were elected; In November 1990, after all the by-elections in 8 constituencies, Sąjūdis received 96 seats out of 141, the LCP 40 seats, and the LCP (SSKP) 5 seats. According to the Sąjūdis list, on March 3, 1990, 9 members of the Lithuanian Social Democratic Party, 4 members of the Lithuanian Green Party, 3 members of the Lithuanian Democratic Party and 2 members of the Lithuanian Christian Democratic Party were elected.

24 d. 1595 Motiejus Kazimieras Sarbievijus was born. Lithuanian poet, literary theorist. Jesus. Considered one of the most prominent Lithuanian Baroque poets, who wrote in Latin, popular in the 17th century. In Europe.

24 d. 1926 Balys Gajauskas was born. Lithuanian anti-Soviet resistance figure. Signatory to the Act of March 11, 1990.

25 d. 1917 Kazys Varnelis was born. Painter, representative of late modernism, collector and bibliophile. Has accumulated a bibliophilic library (about 9,000 books were brought to Lithuania). Awarded the Knight's Cross of the Order of Gediminas (1998). Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit for Lithuania (2007).

26 d. 1885 Aleksandras Stulginskis was born. Second President of Lithuania, signatory, one of the founders of the Lithuanian Christian Democratic Party, agronomist, founder and chairman of the Farmers' Union.

28 d. 1801 Motiejus Valančius was born. Samogitian bishop, educator, writer, historian, organizer of the sobriety movement.

29 d. 1896 Juozas Urbšys was born. Minister of Foreign Affairs, diplomat, officer, translator of the interwar Republic of Lithuania.



Source of information:

Universal Lithuanian encyclopedia:

www.š - an interactive database of Lithuanian language, literature (culture) and Lithuanian history learning sources.

Wikipedia - Internet encyclopedia.



Balandžio mėnuo