Dates of birth of famous people, other important dates of Lithuania history


2 d. 1873 Jurgis Baltrušaitis was born. Lithuanian poet, essayist, translator, diplomat. One of the most famous symbolists of Lithuanian and Russian poets.

3 d. 1791 the Constitution of the Republic of the Two Nations was adopted. The May 3 Constitution was the first written constitution in Europe and the second in the world (the first was the U.S. constitution of 1787).

3 d. 1871 Vincas Čepinskis was born. Lithuanian physicist, pioneer of physics and physical chemistry in Lithuania, professor. Together with Mykolas Biržiška, he was responsible for the restoration of Vilnius University. He supported the idea of transforming Higher Courses in Kaunas into the University of Lithuania, was one of the founders of the Faculty of Mathematics and Nature, a member of the Constituent Seimas and the First Seimas, a good orator and a defender of democracy.

5 d. 1879 Jurgis Šaulys was born. Lithuanian state and public figure, diplomat. One of the founders of the Lithuanian Democratic Party. Organizers of the Lithuanian Conference, Member of the Council of Lithuania, Signatory of the February 16 Act. Represented Lithuania in Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Vatican, Poland.

5 d. 1908 Vytautas Bulvičius was born. A Lithuanian military officer, major of the General Staff, and leader of the anti-Soviet Lithuanian Activist Front (LAF). He created the so-called "Bulvičius group", which in 1941 evolved into the Vilnius branch of the Lithuanian Activist Front (LAF)

6 d. 1761 Stanislaw Boniface Jundzil was born. Lithuanian naturalist. He reorganized and expanded the Botanical Garden of Vilnius University, popularizing it in Europe by exchanging plants with 15 cities.

6 d. 1922 Jonas Mikelinskas was born. Lithuanian writer, prose writer. Laureate of the Lithuanian National Prize (2002), Juozas Tumas ‑ Vaižgantas Prize (2007).

7 d. 1904 the ban on the Lithuanian press was lifted. 1864–1904 The Russian imperial authorities imposed a ban on printing, importing and distributing Lithuanian publications in Latin letters. Lithuania is celebrating Press Recovery, Language and Book Day.

7 d. 1937 At the European Men's Basketball Championship in Riga, the Lithuanian national team became the European Champion. 

7 d. 1947 Stanislovas Kuzma was born. One of the most famous Lithuanian sculptors. Laureate of the Lithuanian National Prize (1996).

8 d. 1930 Vytautas Laurušas was born. Lithuanian composer, pedagogue, public figure. Laureate of the Lithuanian National Prize (2005).

12 d. 1670 August II was born. King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania. Named Strong for great physical strength. During his rule, due to wars, noble battles, famine and plague, the Lithuanian population decreased by a third, the economy declined, the GDL's military power and political influence decreased, and the system of government collapsed. The political life of the Republic of the Two Nations became increasingly under control from Russia, Prussia, and later Austria.

12 d. 1919 Augustinas Savickas was born. One of the most famous Lithuanian artists, art critic. Laureate of the Lithuanian National Prize (1999).

13 d. 1904 Kazimieras Baršauskas was born. Lithuanian physicist, one of the founders and first rector of Kaunas Polytechnic Institute. Took care of the training of Lithuanian engineers, the development of Lithuanian technical intelligence; cared for the children of deportees and other repressed.

13 d. 1930 Vytautas Edmundas Čekanauskas was born. Architect, Academician Professor at the International Academy of Architecture (1987). In Vilnius he designed the Composers' Union Palace (1966), the Contemporary Art Center (1967 with others), Lazdynai district (1967-1974 with others), St. John Bosco Church (2001 with V. Gerliak).

14 d. 1928 Algirdas Šocikas was born. Lithuanian boxer, coach, judge. 1953, 1955 European Boxing Champion. He was characterized by perfect technique, unique style, correct behavior in the ring.

14 d. 1972 19-year-old Romas Kalanta burned down in Kaunas, in the garden of the Musical Theater, in protest against the occupation of the USSR.

15 d. 1845 Jonas Čerskis was born. Geologist and paleontologist. For participation in 1863. in the uprising was recruited and sent to Omsk. The first Lithuanians to explore the caves. It is named after the highest mountain in northeastern Siberia, a ridge in Užbaikal, 3 mountains near Baikal and the city on the shore of Kolyma, a glass-winged butterfly, a fossil fish.

15 d. 1872 Marija Ivanauskaitė-Lastauskienė, one of the sisters under the pseudonym Lazdynų Pelėda, was born in The works of the sisters are an example of the noble culture and themes of the manor in Lithuanian literature.

15 d. 1920 The Constituent Seimas convened for the first sitting at Kaunas Theater. 112 representatives were elected to it, 105 were present at the sitting. After welcoming the participants, President Antanas Smetona announced that the first sitting would be chaired by the Chief Member of the Seimas, writer Gabrielė Petkevičaitė-Bitė. The chief member of the Seimas was Simonas Rozenbaum, a representative of the Jewish faction, but he did not speak Lithuanian well. Alexander Stulginski, a member of the Christian Democratic Party, was elected Speaker of the Seimas. The Seimas unanimously adopted the Declaration of Independence, declaring Lithuania a democratic republic. In total, the Seimas met for 29 months and passed more than 300 laws. After the Seimas convened, the Council of Lithuania terminated its activities. Until 1926. May 15 was a public holiday in Lithuania.

16 d. 1886 Stasys Šalkauskis was born. Lithuanian philosopher, pedagogue. One of the most famous Lithuanian philosophers of the 20th century. Compiled the first Lithuanian dictionary of philosophical terms. According to him, there are three stages of life - nature, culture and religion, art will have to strive for perfection, the artist - uniqueness.

16 d. 1922 Jonas Avyžius was born. Lithuanian writer. Author of the novel „Sodybų tuštėjimo metas“ (The Time of the Emptying of Homesteads, Part 4, 1970–1989).

17 d. 1880 Mykolas Romeris was born. Lawyer, pioneer of Lithuanian constitutional law. He was a Lithuanian national judge at the Hague Tribunal for the interpretation of the Klaipėda Region Statute, and later for resolving the Lithuanian-Estonian dispute over the settlement of the Panevėžys-Saldutiškis railway, both cases were won. The university in Vilnius is named after him.

17 d. 1928 Viktoras Petkus was born.  Lithuanian political activist and dissident, political prisoner, a founding member of the Lithuanian Helsinki Group. He was imprisoned for almost 20 years for anti-Soviet activities in a prison and exile camp.

18 d. 1848 Kazimieras Jaunius was born. Theologian, Lithuanian language researcher. Systematized Lithuanian dialects, presented their classification (called K. Jaunius and A. Salio), 1891–1898. prepared descriptions of 6 dialects (Ukmergė, Kaunas, Raseiniai, Zarasai, Šiauliai, Panevėžys), 1885–1892. wrote "Grammar of the Lithuanian Language".

19 d. 1951 Vytautas Kernagis was born. Author and performer of Lithuanian songs, actor, director and conference of entertainment events, TV presenter. Pioneer of Lithuanian singing poetry. Lithuanian National Prize (2007).

22-23 d. 1948 The Soviets carried out a mass deportation operation on the Lithuanian population, Vesna (Spring), during which 40,002 people were deported. The operation was carried out by about 30 thousand. Employees of the Ministries of the Interior and Homeland Security, officers, soldiers, militiamen and stribes, and about 11,500 Soviet activists. In the plans of the occupiers, 48 ​​thousand were deported. people selected by security guards and collaborators were deported without gathering listed families. Throughout 1948. 43,940 people were deported from Lithuania.

23 d. 1914 Petras Baublys was born. Pediatrician. He was a very popular pediatrician. Righteous Among the Nations of the World (1977). During the war, while working as the director of Kaunas Orphanage, he rescued the children of Nazi persecuted families.

25 d. 1908 Zenonas Ivinskis was born. Lithuanian historian. Member of the Lithuanian Catholic Academy of Sciences and the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences. Rome, 1978 His work “History of Lithuania: Before the Death of Vytautas the Great” until the 20th century was published in At the end of the 1430s it was the most mature general in the history of Lithuania. shop.

28 d. 1939 The third European men's basketball championship ended in Kaunas, in which the Lithuania team became the European champion for the second time, winning all the matches. About 11,000 spectators watched the match in Kaunas Sports Hall, the competition was broadcast by the State Radio.

28 d. 1877 Oskaras Milašius was born. Lithuanian poet, written in French, diplomat, mystic. Life and work are related to the 1914 December 14 his vision - the night of fire. He studied the Bible all his life, was a strong Catholic, interested in Theosophy.

29 d. 1955 Alvydas Matulka was born. One of the defenders of Lithuanian freedom, 1991 January Thirteen USSR aggression victim.

30 d. 1826 Zigmantas Sierakauskas was born. One of the commanders of the 1863–1864 uprising. Originating from poor nobles. Zigmuntas Sierakauskas


Source of information:

Universal Lithuanian encyclopedia:

www.š - an interactive database of Lithuanian language, literature (culture) and Lithuanian history learning sources.

Wikipedia - Internet encyclopedia.











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